Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: A case of persistent stridor in an 18-month-old child
Keywords:Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), human papillomavirus (HPV), laryngeal papillomatosis
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is characterized by non-cancerous verrucous, polypoid, wart-like growths occurring at the junctions of the squamous respiratory and ciliary epithelium, particularly the larynx. It is thought to be caused by acquisition of human papilloma virus (HPV) during pregnancy or passage through the birth canal of an infected mother. This case report describes an 18-month-old female who presented to the emergency department due to persistence of biphasic stridor unrelieved with dexamethasone and racemic epinephrine nebulized treatments. Pediatric otorhinolaryngologist performed laryngoscopy, which revealed bilateral papillomatous lesions of the larynx causing airway obstruction.
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